您当前位置:网站首页 >> 急救科普 >> 【转】食用超加工食品会增加癌症风险


2019-07-22 10:45:35 来源:唐山市抗癌协会 浏览:247

Ultra-processed foods are not known for their health qualities. We know this, yet it's hard to resist the doughnuts your kind colleague brought into the office. Now, research published in the BMJ may give you at least a longer pause before you pick the pink one with sprinkles.
Researchers discovered that people who eat more ultra-processed foods have a higher risk of cancer. Such foods are the ones with unrecognizable and unpronounceable words on the list of ingredients -- anything from the candy that turns your tongue blue to healthier-sounding canned soups packed with artificial flavors, additives or emulsifiers. Most food is processed to some degree, but ultra-processed foods are typically much more calorie-, sodium- and sugar-packed.
研究人员发现,食用更多超加工食品的人患癌症的风险更高。这些食物的成分列表由难以辨别和难以发音的词汇组成 - 从将舌头变成蓝色的糖果到装有人造香料,添加剂或乳化剂,听起来更健康的罐装汤。大多数食物都经过一定程度的加工,但超加工食品通常含有更多的热量,钠和糖。
Research has long showed that people who live on ultra-processed food tend to be more obese and overweight. They're also more likely to have heart and circulation problems or diabetes, studies have found. Eating a lot of processed meat like hot dogs has also been tied to an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
Researchers saw this new cancer link when they analyzed 24-hour dietary records of nearly 105,000 adults in a general population group in France. The individuals recorded what they ate from a list of 3,300 food items that were then categorized by how processed they were, using a system called NOVA.
What the scientists found was that a 10% increase in the proportion of ultra-processed foods in the diet was associated with a significant increase of greater than 10% in risks for overall cancer and breast cancer. "Ultra-processed fats and sauces, sugary products and drinks were associated with an increased risk of overall cancer," the study says. "Ultra-processed sugary products were associated with an increased risk of breast cancer."
科学家们发现,在饮食中,超加工食品摄入增加10%,整体患癌和乳腺癌的风险增加远远超过10%。“超加工脂肪、调味料、含糖产品和饮料与癌症总体风险增加有关,” 研究称。超加工的含糖产品会增加患乳腺癌的风险。”
People who tended to eat more ultra-processed food also tended to smoke more and exercise less than the others, but the authors controlled for these issues and still found the elevated cancer risk.
Marji McCullough, strategic director of nutritional epidemiology at the American Cancer Society, suggests caution about interpreting what is responsible for the cancer risk associated with ultra-processed food. "This study doesn't mean that people should think 'if I eat this cracker, I'm going to get cancer,' " McCullough said. "The overriding message of this study was really to look at an overall diet pattern rather than a specific ingredient, and it supports a lot of what we already know."
美国癌症协会营养流行病学主任Marji McCullough建议,需谨慎说明与癌症风险相关的超加工食品。McCullough说:“这项研究并不意味着人们应该觉得‘如果我吃了这个饼干,我会得癌症。’” 这项研究最重要的信息实际上是研究整体的饮食模式,而不是特定的成分,它支持我们已经知道的很多信息。”
Nutritionists recommend a diet rich in whole grains, whole fruits and vegetables instead of foods that have little nutritional value.
However, ultra-processed foods occupy a growing part of the world's diet. A 2016 study found that 60% of the calories in the average American diet come from this kind of food. A 2017 study found that they make up 50% of the Canadian diet, and they make up more than 50% of the UK diet. And more of the developing world is starting to eat this way.
A balanced and diversified diet should be considered one of the most important public health priorities, the authors advise. "Eat real food and try to limit ultra processed items," Touvier said. "At least until we know more."
作者建议,均衡和多样化的饮食应被视为最重要的公共卫生优先事项之一。” Touvier 建议:至少在我们了解更多之前,吃真正的食物,尽量限制摄入超加工食品。”


吕佩源,男 1962年生,医学博士,博士生导师,现任河北省人民医院副院长兼神经内科主任,主任医师、教授...


陈 刚,男,医学博士,主任医师,教授,研究生导师。现任河北医科大学第三医院副院长兼呼吸内...








刘悦萍 ,1955年出生 本科学历 正高级政工师 河北省急救医学会副理事长(驻会) 曾在新疆驻军某医院任副营职技师...



电话:0311-87026151 87010568       0311-87027951
建议使用:1024*768分辨率,16位以上颜色,IE 5.0以上版本浏览器和中文大字符集 管理员进入
Copyright @ 河北省急救医学会主办 www.hbsjjyxh.com 电话:0311-87026151 87010568 87027951